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The most important part of our body is the heart and if it is healthy, you will always have a smile on your face. The number of heart disease sufferers has increased rapidly worldwide due to disorganized lifestyles and unbalanced eating. In this hectic life, people do not get a chance to pay attention to their health, which they have to pay a heavy price. According to cardiologists, heart disease can happen to anyone at any age, there is no prescribed age for it. Due to various reasons like stress, fatigue, pollution, etc., this very important organ that exchanges blood is difficult to do its work, that’s why ‘World Heart Day’ awakens the people to feel conscious about heart diseases as World Heart Day is celebrated every year on 29 September

History of Celebrating World Heart Day

Heart diseases and heart attacks are a major cause of 29 per cent of deaths worldwide. More than 1.71 crore people die every year from heart diseases and heart attacks. Celebrating ‘World Heart Day’ was started in the year 2000 to make the common people aware of these diseases and taking special care of heart health. Until now, ‘World Heart Day’ was celebrated on the last Sunday of September, but from 2014 it will be celebrated on 29 September itself.

Volunteer organization ‘World Heart Federation’ celebrates’ World Heart Day ‘every year in partnership with the World Health Organization’ (WHO). Because of the increasing number of heart diseases and victims, the United Nations has decided to celebrate 29 September as ‘World Heart Day’.This day is celebrated annually to spread awareness about heart disease and to promote their prevention and control measures.

The objective behind celebrating World Heart Day

Heart disease has emerged as a serious disease all over the world today. Every year, through ‘World Heart Day’, awareness is spread among people all over the world. In our country, even young people are falling prey to this disease. One of the biggest causes of this disease is ‘stress’. Doctors point out that stress is the biggest enemy of the heart. Stress is the biggest enemy of the heart. In today’s life, stress has increased a lot. So it is difficult to avoid this disease completely, but as far as possible, distance should be maintained from it. In times of stress, we must listen to the voice of our heart, to keep the heart away from stress.

The chemicals that are released from the brain due to stress, spoil the entire system of the heart. Yoga can also be resorted to overcome stress. The heart is an organ in our body that continuously pumps and conducts blood flow throughout the body. The heart is in the middle of the circulatory system and blood vessels like arteries and veins carry impure blood from every part of the body to the heart and carry pure blood from the heart to every part of the body.

Keep Your Heart Healthy

Today more than half of our life is spent in our workplace and office. In such a situation, we should take care of how the health of the heart should be maintained according to its functioning. To keep heart health one should adopt the following:

  • Everyone should take some time to exercise and for at least half an hour daily is good for the heart.
  • If there is a shortage of time, you can also take a quick walk.
  • Food and diet should be taken according to health.
  • Use small amounts of salt.
  • A low-fat diet should be taken in food.
  • Eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits.
  • Have your breakfast and lunch daily on time.
  • Keep a distance from substances like tobacco.
  • Sitting in the same position for hours can be harmful to the heart.
  • Cycling, walking and swimming regularly must be done.
  • One should do yoga and meditation for 30 minutes daily.
  • Do not smoke at all, it is very dangerous for the heart.
  • Choose an edible oil that has zero trans fatty acids.
  • Get a minimum of 7 hours of sleep daily as sleep is necessary to keep your heart healthy.
  • Reduce caffeine intake and drink green tea.
  • Drink eight to ten glasses of water daily.


In India, heart disease has increased very fast in the last 27 years which is revealed by new studies. Detailed estimates from 1990 to 2016 of heart and blood vessel diseases in every state of India show that these diseases have increased, but their prevalence varies considerably in different states. Of the total deaths in India, deaths due to cardiovascular diseases and paralysis were 15.2 percent in 1990, which has increased to 28.1 percent in 2016. Of the total deaths, 17.8 percent were due to heart disease and 7.1 percent to paralysis. The ratio of death and disability due to heart disease is significantly higher in men than women, but the paralysis was found equally in men and women.

At the same time, the number of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in the country increased from 13 lakh in 1990 to 28 lakh in 2016. The number of patients with these diseases has increased from 2.57 crore in 1990 to 5.45 crore in 2016. Their prevalence was highest in Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. After this, more cases have also been found in Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, and West Bengal. In 2016, more than half of the total deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in India were under 70 years of age. According to a research scientist, studies show that every state should have proper management in this context.

Heart-Related Diseases in India- A small Glance

  • Nearly 20 crores under 30 years of age are hypertensive patients
  • 19% of the total deaths each year are related to heart disease.
  • Getting treatment within four to five hours of a heart attack is very important
  • After an attack, up to 60% of the heart’s capacity is affected.

Due to the unorganized lifestyle, stress, pollution etc. every fourth youth of the country stands on the threshold of a heart attack. Of these, more than half of the youth do not even know about their disease. This is the reason why only 10 percent of young patients are reaching the hospital for treatment.

According to the report, one in every four youth in the country has high blood pressure. If it is not treated for a long time, it affects the heart. Due to the pressure of about three times the capacity, the pumping of the heart is affected and the patient becomes vulnerable to a heart attack. On the basis of this report, the central government has also started a national program for free screening for hypertension patients in 100 districts of the country.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

According to the doctors, the biggest symptom of heart attack is considered – severe chest pain. Often in a film scene, whenever someone has a heart attack, he grips his chest loudly, due to pain, his eyes start to look nervous and he falls to the ground. We all feel that after a heart attack, we will feel like our chest is being crushed. There is such a feeling, but not always.

When there is no supply of blood to the heart, a heart attack occurs. Usually, due to any obstruction in the path of our arteries, the blood does not reach the heart, which is why there is severe pain in the chest. But sometimes there is no pain in a heart attack. This is called a silent heart attack.

Dos and Don’ts for a heart patient


  • Use ginger, cloves, garlic, dry ginger, black pepper, peepal, cloves, bay leaves, rock salt with food.
  • Stay stress-free and happy and do yoga, meditation and pranayama, even walk on foot every day.
  • Eat less and do not take more than 80 grams / 80 mL of caloric food at a time.
  • If you walk on the treadmill, try to have a heart rate of 80.


  • Avoid foods that increase phlegm in the body like rice, curd, curry, cabbage, peas, radishes, urad dal etc.
  • Avoid using meat, alcohol, smoking, excessive tea, coffee, fast food, junk food, canned food, khoya, sour cream, butter and egg yolk, coconut oil, ice cream, etc.
  • Half-eaten food causes stomach rot, which increases the number of toxins in the body.

Opinion based on American heart association guidelines

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