TAVR stands for Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement of the narrowed aortic valves with the replacement of the old valve. It is one of the best treatment options for patients who are unable to go through open-heart surgery. Also, it is for the patients who are at a high risk of complications that emerges through surgical replacement of the valve.
It is done to replace the aortic valve in the patients who are suffering from aortic valve stenosis. The narrowing valve prevents it from opening to full which disrupts the blood circulation to your heart and the body. The aortic valve stenosis causes fatigue, severe chest pain, breathlessness, leg swelling and it may also lead to a heart attack.
The doctors will give you the general anesthesia before they start the procedure of TAVR. Aside from this, they also provide you the medication to avoid any blood clotting. Your heart functioning is monitored throughout the process.
This procedure can be done through two different approaches:
Inserting a catheter through the upper leg (groin) area to your heart, it does not require any surgical approach
Minimal invasive surgery which is done using a small cut over the chest