When the blood flow to the heart is increased by any surgical means, the procedure is called as coronary artery bypass grafting. There are many variations in the procedure depending on the kind and severity of disease, as well as associated abnormalities developed due to the disease, these are as follows
This is the gold standard treatment for coronary artery disease, against which all other therapies are currently compared. Coronary Bypass is a surgical method to redirect the blood around the section of a partially or fully blocked artery of a human heart. It is done to improve the blood flow to the muscles of the heart. In this procedure, a healthy blood vessel is taken from the patient’s chest, leg, arm, or abdomen and then connected beyond the blocked arteries in the heart.
It is undertaken to ease the symptoms of chest pain and breathlessness. This procedure can’t cure heart disease but can improve the functioning of the heart and reduce the risk of dying of heart disease. It is usually considered when a person has severe chest pain caused due to narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle. It is also done when a person has more than one diseased coronary artery, and when the left ventricle of the heart is not functioning well.
This surgery can be performed in emergencies when the patient is not responding to other treatments. One needs to make lifestyle changes after the surgery and take the prescribed medications.
There are several types of surgical repair (heart surgeries) for the heart. Below is a list of the most common type of heart surgery procedures: