Heart Failure Treatment in Delhi, India

Heart Failure

When your heart is unable to pump an adequate supply of blood to the body, it is characterized as heart failure. Insufficient blood flow disrupts all of your major body functions. The heart conditions like narrowed arteries (coronary artery diseases) or high blood pressure, makes your heart weak and a weak heart that is unable to pump blood efficiently leads to heart failure. 

Not all conditions of heart failure can be reversed, but there are treatments that help to improve the signs and symptoms related to heart failure, it will help you to live longer. When you include lifestyle changes in your daily routine such as exercises, reducing sodium in your diet, stress management, and weight management, it can improve the quality of your life.

Heart failure is a medical condition that needs medical attention. Early treatment can increase your chances of recovery from heart failure with lesser complications.

Symptoms of Heart Failure

  1. Breathlessness
  2. Fatigue and tiredness
  3. Legs and ankle swelling
  4. Irregular heartbeat
  5. Chest pain (in case of heart attack)
  6. Abdomen swelling
  7. Persistent coughing or wheezing
  8. Lack of appetite
  9. Reduced ability to exercise

What are the causes of Heart Failure?

  1. Coronary artery disease and heart attack
  2. Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  3. Faulty heart valves
  4. Damage to your heart muscle (cardiomyopathy)
  5. Inflammation to the heart muscle (Myocarditis)
  6. Congenital heart diseases
  7. Cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
  8. Other diseases including diabetes, HIV, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, etc.

Risk factors of Heart Failure

  1. High blood pressure (hypertension)
  2. Coronary artery disease (narrowed arteries)
  3. Heart attack
  4. Diabetes
  5. Congenital heart diseases
  6. Valvular heart disease
  7. Alcohol and tobacco use
  8. Obesity 
  9. Irregular heartbeats

How to diagnose Heart Failure?

  • Blood tests to check the symptoms of the disease.
  • Chest X-ray to see the condition of your lungs and hearts.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) to check the electrical activities of your heart.
  • Echocardiogram to create a video image of the heart.
  • Stress test to measure your heart’s reaction to exertion.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan of your heart.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of your heart.
  • Angiogram.
  • Myocardial biopsy

Treatments for Heart Failure

It is a chronic disease that needs management throughout your life. The sign and symptoms of heart failure improve with the treatment and there are chances that may become stronger.

Medications: Your doctor may treat heart failure with the medication such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, etc.

Surgery and medical devices: Coronary bypass surgery, repair or replacement of heart value, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), ventricular assist devices (VADs), a heart transplant.

Palliative care or chronic care.

Healthy lifestyle and home remedies to prevent or manage Heart Failures.

  • Quit smoking
  • Manage your weight
  • Include healthy download
  • Minimize the inclusion of sodium in your diet
  • Limit saturated fats in your diet
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Be active
  • Avoid stress and sleep well

Medical Management



Heart Assist Devices

Heart Transplant

Dr. Mahesh Wadhwani

Chief of Cardiac Surgery & HOD
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Opinion based on American heart association guidelines

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