A heart transplant is an operation that is performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart with a healthier donor heart. It is one of kind treatment and it is for the people who are not benefited from the medications and other surgeries for the improvement in their surgeries.
Why Heart Transplant is Done?
A heart transplant operation is done when other treatments related to heart problems are not able to perform well and eventually it leads to heart failure. Heart failure can be caused by the following reasons:
- Weak muscles of the heart
- Coronary artery disease
- Heart valve disease
- Congenital heart diseases
- Uncontrollable cardiac arrhythmias
- Failed previous heart transplant
A heart transplant may be performed along with the transplant of another organ in a people with a specific medical condition and that is done in the selected medical centers. This is also known as the multiorgan transplant and this is of three types:
- Heart-kidney transplant – It can be considered as an option for the people who are experiencing kidney failure along with heart failure.
- Heart-liver transplant – It can be considered as an option for the people who are experiencing liver failure along with heart failure.
- Heart-lung transplant – In some of the rarest conditions, the doctor may recommend you to go through the heart-lung transplant, when there are some severe lung and heart disease.
It is not a suitable procedure for the people who are under the following conditions:
- Older people who have fewer chances of recovery with the heart transplant procedure.
- If you have a certain type of medical condition that can shorten your life.
- Have an active infection.
- If you have any medical history of cancer.
- If you don’t want to give your active lifestyle (alcohol consumption and smoking) or unable to keep up with a healthy lifestyle.
Ventricular Assist Device (VAD)
A ventricular assist device is an option for the people who cannot undergo a heart transplant operation. This device is a mechanical pump that is implanted in your chest and helps to pump the blood from ventricles (lower chambers of the heart) to your complete body. It is also considered as a temporary treatment for the who are waiting for the heart transplant or who have heart failure but not fit for the heart transplant procedure.
Risks Associated With The Heart Transplant Procedure
- Your body may reject the donor’s heart
- Primary graft failure
- Your arteries may get thicken after the procedure
- Side effects of the medications
- It can increase the risks of developing cancer