Ventricular Septal Defect Treatment in Delhi, India

Overview – Ventricular Septal Defect

A ventricular septal defect or commonly known as VSD is a hole in the heart. It is a common congenital heart defect. The hole occurs in the wall and allows the blood to flow through from left to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood does not reach to your body as it gets back to the lungs and that makes your heart work harder. Usually, a small ventricular septal defect may not cause you any problems and most of these close on their own. In some case where a repair of the ventricular septal defect and prevent any further complications.

Causes of Ventricular Septal Defect

Problems with the development of the heart may cause congenital heart defects, however, there is no proven theory for it. Environmental factors and genetics may also play an important role to cause a hole in the heart. Ventricular septal defects may appear on their own or with other congenital heart abnormalities.

Symptoms of Ventricular Septal Defect

The symptoms of ventricular septal defect usually appear after a few days, weeks or months of child’s birth. The symptoms may include:

  • Failure to thrive or poor feeding
  • Breathlessness
  • Child gets tired easily

What are be the possible complications?

A ventricular septal defect smaller in size may not cause any harm, but the medium and large-sized defects may cause disabilities from little to life-threatening. The repair of ventricular septal defect treatment may save you from the complications like:

  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Endocarditis
  • Other heart problems such as abnormal heart rhythms or valve problems

Diagnosis of Ventricular Septal Defects

These defects may make your heart murmur that your doctor can hear it through a stethoscope. Then your doctor may check other symptoms and suggest the following tests:

  • Echocardiogram (ECHO)
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Pulse oximetry

Treatment/ Repair of Ventricular Septal Defects

Most of the babies who are born with small ventricular septal defect does not really require surgery. As may close it on its own, but your doctor will observe and treat the symptoms while waiting for its self-closure. Babies who require a surgical repair of ventricular septal defect gets operated within a year after birth. The repair of a ventricular septal defect is done through:

  • Medications – Medications help to decrease the fluid amount in circulation and to keep the heartbeat regular.
  • Procedures – Surgery, catheter procedure and hybrid procedure (a combination of surgery and catheter)

How Can You Prevent Ventricular Septal Defect?

  • Enroll for prenatal care before pregnancy
  • Have a balanced diet
  • Workout regularly
  • Avoid usage of illegal drugs, alcohol, and tobacco
  • Avoid infections
  • Keep your diabetes in control

Opinion based on American heart association guidelines

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