Medical Care of Heart Failure involves a number of nonpharmacologic, pharmacologic and invasive strategies. This is so to limit and reverse its manifestations. Nonpharmacologic Therapies include dietary sodium and fluid restriction, physical activity and attention to weight gain, depending on the severity of illness. On the other hand, pharmacologic therapies include the use of diuretics, vasodilators, inotropic agents, anticoagulants, beta blockers and digoxin.
In case of invasive therapies for heart failure, it includes electrophysiologic intervention such as CRT or Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy, pacemakers, and implantable cardioverter- defibrillators or ICDs and revascularization procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), valve replacement or repair, & ventricular restoration.