Percutaneous Coronary Intervention is a process by which one can repair/dilate a blood vessel.
Earlier it was known as angioplasty with stent. It is a non-surgical method in which a catheter is used
to place a stent to open up the blocked/narrowed blood vessels. It is an extension of work done
after a conventional angiography, in the setting of a heart attack. Percutaneous coronary
intervention can be done as an elective procedure separately in a non-emergency situation of the
patient with a serious coronary artery disease as a less invasive alternative to bypass surgery.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention improves the flow of your blood and it results in decreasing and makes you feel better by increasing your ability to remain active. It may be a treatment option for you if:
- Your heart is not benefited from the medications or with a change in lifestyle.
- You have chest pain(angina) which gets worse with time.
- You have a heart attack. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention can quickly open a blocked artery and reduces damage to your heart.
- A surgeon inserts a catheter (a thin type of flexible tube) into your blood vessels either from the
groin area or through the arm.
- With the use of fluoroscopy (a special type of X-ray), the catheter is directed through your blood
vessels into your heart where the coronary artery is narrowed.
- When the tip of the catheter reaches to heart, a balloon tip covered with a stent is inflated.
- The balloon pushes the plaque to the artery wall and expands the stent.
- The stent is placed in the coronary artery and the balloon is deflated and withdrawn.
- The stent stays in the artery and helps to keep it open.
- Risk of re-narrowing of your artery
- Blood clotting – There is a risk of blood clots formation in the stents.
- Bleeding – You may have bleeding in the place, where the catheter was inserted
- Heart attack – There are very chances of heart attacks
- Damage to coronary artery – Your coronary artery may get torn during the procedure, in such complications emergency bypass surgery is performed
- Kidney problems – The dye used in the procedure may cause kidney problems and this usually found in the people who already have a kidney-related problem
- Stroke – A person may experience a stroke if plaques break loose and travel to the brain. The surgeon uses blood thinner while performing the angioplasty of a stent to reduce the risk
- Abnormal heart rhythms – Your heart may beat too quickly or too slowly while undergoing the procedure.
- Stop smoking
- Manage your cholesterol levels
- Include healthy foods in your diet
- Maintain your weight
- Control diabetes and high blood pressure
- Include exercises
- Follow the medications as prescribed by your doctor