Valvular Heart Disease is a cardiovascular disease which involves one or more valves of the heart don’t work properly. A human heart has four valves, namely aortic valve, mitral valve, tricuspid valve and the pulmonary valve, which keeps the blood flowing in the correct direction. When one or more heart valves don’t function properly, it disrupts the process of blood circulation from the heart to the body.
The aortic valve controls the flow of blood between the heart and aorta. Mitral and tricuspid governs the blood circulation between the atria and ventricles. Pulmonary valve allows the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs.
The treatment for Valvular heart disease is based on the affected heart valve and the sevierity of it. In many cases the valve dysfunction is not severe and the disease is treated with medicines alone. However, in some cases, surgery may be required to repair or replace the heart valve. Heart valve disease can be present since birth as well. It can occur in adults due to several different causes.