Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) causes impaired blood flow in the arteries which supply blood to the heart. Coronary Heart Disease is another term used for Coronary Heart Disease or Atherosclerosis. Cholesterol containing deposits known and plaque in the arteries and inflammation are the leading causes of this disease.
The coronary arteries keep narrowing down when the plaque builds up, it ultimately reduces the blood flow. The reduction in blood flow causes chest pain, breathlessness and many other symptoms related to coronary artery. A complete blockage of the coronary heart can cause a heart attack. This disease takes decades to develop and comes to notice only when their heart blockage is significant.
The major risk factors for Coronary Heart Disease are modifiable and non-modifiable:
If the coronary arteries are narrow and there is isn’t enough supply of blood to the heart. The plaque (cholesterol containing deposits) build-up in the coronary heart develops the symptoms of the disease. The symptoms are like Chest Pain, breathlessness and heart attack.
If you have any symptoms of the coronary heart disease, then you should consult your doctor. They may suggest you the tests based on your health condition.